Ubuntu is a Debian based Operating System.
It is now the most used Linux OS for personal use, because of its store. The store gives a graphical interface for installing software’s, which is quite easy to use, because like other Red-Hat based Operating Systems, we need not remember the Package name, nor do we need to use console in Ubuntu for installing packages.
Ubuntu store helps us download the dependencies required by the package, and its user-friendly GUI, makes it different from other Linux Operating Systems.
In this post we will see how to install Ubuntu Operating System.
Just like other Linux Operating Systems, installation of Ubuntu is quite easy.
- Boot from the CD/DVD.
Ubuntu gives you an option to either use it as Live OS or install it. We will Select Install Ubuntu.
- It will then check if your machine is plugged in to power source, and does it has enough space to install Ubuntu.
- Here, by default ‘Erase Disk and install ubuntu’ would be selected.
If you select this and continue it will directly take you to step 9.
But since we need to learn everything, we will manually create new partitions and install there. So we will select ‘Something Else’
- Now it will show you the contents of your Hard disk.
Since this hard-disk is fully empty I need to create a new partition table.
For you, Chances are earlier drives would be there. We will see in the that in next step.
- After creating a new partition, it will show the free space.
Here you can use any Partition that is active on your machine, and install Ubuntu there.
If you already have partitions, skip this step.
- Double click on free space, you it will ask you now the size and file type.
First we will assign SWAP area. Swap area should be double or equal to the size of your RAM.
Swap area would be used by linux, once your RAM is full. So this is an important step.
- Once you create swap, you can view it and its size in the white text box.
Now lets create the root. This is where your Operating System and filesystems would be installed.
In ‘use as’ Select ‘ext4’.
Like Windows has NTFS and FAT32, Linux has ext2,ext3,ext4.
‘ext4‘ is the latest filesystem used everywhere.
In the mount point select ‘/‘
- Once ‘/’ is created, then select that and click on Install.
This will tell the installer that you want to install Ubuntu under ‘/’,
- Select your location.
- Select your keyboard layout.
- Enter your details.
- Setup will then start installing.
It will take about 20-30 mins.
- Restart your machine.
- Check your desktop 🙂